Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries to the lower extremity. You can get an ankle sprain from twisting your foot in relation to your leg and causing the ligaments to be stretched, partially or fully torn. The most common way to sprain your ankle is to twist it while the foot is rotated inward and pointed down. The most common injury is to the lateral ligaments of the ankle. Your doctor he can do various tests to see which ligaments where torn. Tests such as X-ray and MRI can evaluated the extent of the damage.
Some symptoms of an ankle sprain include swelling, pain, and bruising around the ankle. You can treat your ankle by resting and elevating your foot making sure to limit your motion. You can also ice your foot, for 20 minutes at a time, a few times a day. Applying a compressive wrap can help with the swelling and anti-inflammatory pills can help with the swelling and the pain. Be careful and consult with your doctor before taking medication. Wearing a supportive ankle brace can help as your body continues to heal. Sometimes you may require surgery if the ligaments are severely stretched or torn.
Ankle sprains can cause you to miss out on work, school, sports, or just life in general, but there are ways to prevent this common injury. You can prevent ankle sprains by wearing ankle braces especially during sporting activities. Proper supportive shoe gear is also very important. Many ankle sprains can get better through physical therapy training the muscles to provide the needed stability in the ankle. The added stability from physical therapy can help to prevent further ankle sprains as well.