For a person with diabetes, taking care of your feet is an important part of prevention and treatment. One common and potentially dangerous condition that diabetics must work to prevent is ulcers, which are open wounds that typically form on the bottom of the feet due to loss of sensation, excessive pressure or trauma, as well as decreased blood circulation. Since high blood glucose levels can lower immune response and therefore cause slow healing, ulcers can result in infections and even amputation if not treated early. Regularly see a podiatrist and follow these tips to minimize chances of forming an ulcer and infection.
- Check your feet every day to monitor any cuts, injuries, or changes in color or texture.
- Keep feet clean by washing with warm water and mild soap.
- Trim toenails straight across to prevent ingrown toenails.
- Manage blood glucose levels.
- Stop smoking to prevent decreases in blood circulation.
- Avoid walking barefoot and protect the feet with loose socks, even at night.
- Reduce friction and pressure in shoes by wearing footwear with wide toe boxes.
- Use custom orthotics in your shoes.
- Alcohol can contribute to nerve damage, so limit alcohol consumption.
- Maintain a healthy weight through balanced exercise.
If you notice that you have developed an ulcer, seek medical attention from a podiatrist as soon as possible. A well-respected foot care specialist like Dr. Russell Samofal of Podiatry Center of New Jersey can help treat and bandage the ulcers to minimize chances of infection. Dr. Samofal may help to remove excess pressure on the area, clean the wound and remove any dead tissue. Dr. Samofal treats a variety of podiatric issues such as heel pain, sports injuries, toe deformities, and specializes in reconstructive foot and ankle surgery. Podiatry Center of New Jersey is conveniently located in Wayne to serve Morris, Passaic, Bergen and Essex counties. To schedule an appointment, please contact us or call us at (973) 925-4111 today!