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What Are Bunions and How Do You Treat Them?

A bunion is a hard, bony growth that often affects the joint of the big toe, causing the toe to bend and push into the other toes. When a smaller version occurs on the pinky toe, it is called a bunionette. Both conditions are the result of structural imbalances that cause the tendons that connect to the toes to pull and push incorrectly.

Signs and symptoms that you have a bunion may include the following:

  • Protruding bony bump—You will notice a bony bump starting to form on the side or top of the big toe joint.
  • Abnormal and painful toe bending—Your big toe will bend towards your other toes and push into them. This will eventually cause rubbing and overlapping which will get progressively more pronounced if the bunion isn’t properly treated.
  • Discoloration of skin—The skin covering the bunion will be red and inflamed and painful to the touch.
  • Development of corns—Corns may develop on the top of a bunion and also in response to the friction caused by over and underlapping toes

Treatment options for bunions include the following:

  • Wear properly-fitting shoes with a wide toe box.
  • Try using custom orthotic inserts, toe splints, or braces to redistribute pressure.
  • Strengthening and flexing exercises will help keep the bunion from getting worse.
  • Reduction of the bunion and toe realignment may necessary in severe cases.

If you suspect that you are developing a bunion, see your foot doctor for the best care. At Podiatry Center of New Jersey, Dr. Russell Samofal treats a variety of conditions such as sports injuries, diabetic foot problems, pediatric foot conditions, toe deformities, arthritis, nail fungus, arch problems and heel pain. Equipped with advanced technologies and a dedicated staff, Podiatry Center of New Jersey provides individualized high-quality care for patients all across Morris, Passaic, Bergen and Essex counties. For all your foot and ankle problems, contact our Wayne office at (973) 925-4111 for an appointment.