Bunions are one of the most prevalent foot conditions podiatrists see. Bunions are enlarged toe joints (typically the big toe) that develop over time, and can form due to a number of reasons such as flat feet, arthritis, genetics, or continued pressure from ill-fitting shoes. Although prevention and early intervention are ideal, many people do not realize how severe their bunion is until they are already experiencing pain and discomfort. In these cases bunion surgery may be necessary.
The best candidates for surgery are those who:
- Have chronic pain and inflammation in the joint that does not subside with rest or icing.
- Have trouble performing daily activities without discomfort.
- Cannot bend or move the big toe.
Types of Bunion Surgery
The type of bunion surgery performed to correct and align the joint and relieve pain depends greatly on the severity of the bunion and activity level of the patient. Oftentimes more than one procedure is used to correct both the bone alignment and the soft tissues surrounding the joint.
- Osteotomy – Small incisions are made in the bone to realign them to a more normal position. Small hardware is used to secure them in place.
- Exostectomy – The bony protrusion on the side of the metatarsal joint is removed.
- Arthrodesis – Often used for severe cases of arthritis, the joint surfaces are removed and joined together using hardware until the bones fuse.
- Resection Arthroplasty – Damaged part of the joint is removed to create a flexible joint. Since it results in reduced toe strength, it is usually a last resort for previously failed bunion surgeries or for the elderly.
An experienced and skilled podiatrist can help you determine what surgical procedure best suits your condition. Dr. Russell Samofal of Podiatry Center of New Jersey has been treating patients in the Wayne area for all types of foot and ankle issues, including ankle sprains, diabetic foot problems, hammertoes, and heel pain. Dr. Samofal has a specialty in reconstructive foot and ankle surgery and has extensive experience with complex cases. To schedule an appointment, please contact us or call us at (973) 925-4111!