Knowledge is power, and the more foot-related conditions you’re aware of, the better prepared you’ll be to understand what may be causing your discomfort. In this blog, Podiatry Center of New Jersey focuses on Tarsal tunnel syndrome and the causes, symptoms, and various treatment options available.

Understanding Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the tibial nerve is compressed as it passes through the tarsal tunnel, a narrow space on the inside of the ankle.

Common Causes and Risk Factors:

  • Anatomical abnormalities (such as flat feet or a prominent bone spur).
  • Injury or trauma to the ankle or foot.
  • Overuse or repetitive stress on the foot.
  • Swelling or inflammation of nearby structures (such as tendons or ligaments).
  • Systemic conditions (such as diabetes or arthritis) that affect nerve.

Recognizing Symptoms:

  • Pain, burning, or tingling sensations along the inside of the ankle or bottom of the foot.
  • Numbness or loss of sensation in the affected area.
  • Weakness or difficulty moving the foot or toes.
  • Radiating pain that extends into the arch of the foot or toes.
  • Symptoms that worsen with activity or prolonged standing.

Treatment Options:

  • Rest and activity modification to reduce strain on the foot.
  • Immobilization with a brace or splint.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Physical therapy to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility.
  • Corticosteroid injections to reduce swelling and alleviate pain.
  • Orthotic devices to correct foot mechanics and reduce pressure on the nerve.

Preventive Measures:

  • Wearing supportive footwear with cushioned insoles and good arch support.
  • Avoid activities that place excessive strain on the feet, such as prolonged standing or high-impact exercise.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight to reduce pressure on the feet and lower extremities.
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises to improve foot and ankle flexibility and stability.
  • Seeking prompt treatment for any injuries or conditions that affect foot health.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can cause significant discomfort and impairment if left untreated. However, with proper diagnosis and management, many individuals can find relief from their symptoms and regain function in their feet. If you’re experiencing persistent foot pain, tingling, or numbness, the expert team at Podiatry Center of New Jersey can determine if you may be dealing with tarsal tunnel syndrome. Give us a call at (973) 925-4111 or make an appointment online.