Bunions are a common foot condition that can cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty wearing certain shoes. While bunions themselves may seem harmless, they can lead to various complications if left untreated. In this blog post, Podiatry Center of New Jersey explores the potential complications that can arise from bunions and offers strategies for managing and preventing them.

Bunion Progression:

  1. Bunions tend to worsen over time if not addressed.
  2. As the bunion grows larger, it can cause the big toe to drift out of alignment, resulting in pain, inflammation, and difficulty walking.


  1. Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs that cushion and lubricate the joints.
  2. When a bunion causes the big toe to press against the adjacent toe or rub against the inside of the shoe, it can irritate the bursae and lead to pain, swelling, and tenderness.


  1. As the big toe drifts out of alignment, it can push the adjacent toes out of position, causing them to curl unnaturally, leading to hammertoes.
  2. Hammertoes can lead to pain, corns, calluses, and difficulty wearing shoes comfortably.


  1. Metatarsalgia, pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot is another common complication of bunions.
  2. As the bunion causes the weight-bearing pressure to shift to the metatarsal heads, it can result in increased stress and strain on the forefoot, leading to pain, swelling, and mobility issues.


  1. Over time, the misalignment and instability caused by bunions can contribute to the development of arthritis.
  2. Arthritis, inflammation of the joint lining, can cause pain, stiffness, swelling, and reduced range of motion in the big toe joint.

Managing and Preventing Complications:

  • Wear supportive footwear with a wide-toe box.
  • Use orthotic devices to provide cushioning, support, and alignment for the foot.
  • Perform stretching and strengthening exercises to improve foot mechanics.
  • Apply ice packs to reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Avoid high-heeled shoes and tight-fitting footwear.

By understanding the potential complications of bunions and implementing strategies to address them, you can take control of your foot health and enjoy an active, pain-free lifestyle.

For all your foot health and wellness needs, the expert team at Podiatry Center of New Jersey is always here to advise on a variety of topics, from footwear to foot conditions and everything in between. Give us a call at (973) 925-4111 or make an appointment online.