The Achilles tendon is the large, rope-like tendon that connects your heel bone to your calf muscle. This tendon provides the power to move your foot when you walk and exercise.
An ankle sprain that isn’t allowed to heal properly can result in chronic ankle instability and weakness. This can make you more likely to sprain your ankle again. Always treat even minor ankle sprains seriously and slowly increase the strength and flexibility of the ankle joint with physical therapy exercises recommended by your foot doctor.
Stress or hairline fractures frequently affect athletes and runners and dancers due to all the repetitive pressure encountered. They can also occur when a less active person suddenly decides to begin an exercise program too rapidly.
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition that affects the foot and ankle and has many similarities to the wrist condition called carpal tunnel syndrome. In both instances, nerve stress and damage from repetitive use creates numbness, pain, and tingling in the area where a major nerve supplies one of your extremities.
A ganglion cyst is a growth that sometimes produces small bumps on the top of your foot as a telltale sign. These fluid-filled sacs grow on a tendon, ligament, or muscle and may occur in clusters.
Corns and calluses are created as the body’s natural reaction to extreme friction and pressure on the skin that is often caused by poorly-fitting footwear. Athletes and people who are on their feet all day for work are more susceptible due to the additional pressure and stress on the feet.
A bunion is a hard, bony growth that often affects the joint of the big toe, causing the toe to bend and push into the other toes. When a smaller version occurs on the pinky toe, it is called a bunionette.
While experiencing pain on the top of your foot is not as common as other foot complaints, it can nonetheless be an extremely painful and debilitating experience.
Fungal toenail infections can be ugly, painful, and smelly. Since a fungal toenail infection predominantly occurs underneath the nail, it can be difficult to treat the infection completely and prevent it from coming back.
Many people think skin cancer is something that is caused by excessive sun or ultraviolet light exposure. However, even though your feet and ankles don’t generally get much sun, you still need to have any skin lesions on your feet and ankles evaluated by your foot doctor to rule out skin cancer.